Gender discrimination is illegal under federal and state laws in Connecticut.
Treating employees differently within the workplace based on their gender or gender identity can have a negative impact on production according to a recent article in Chron Business, an online resource geared towards advancing small businesses. The piece noted gender discrimination can translate to lost productivity, as those who are victims may experience a "loss of morale and motivation" that reduces their ability to "perform their jobs effectively."
Gender and sex discrimination does more than just hurt business, it is against the law. These practices have been illegal in the United States at the federal level for over fifty years, yet employers continue to violate this basic law.
Gender discrimination still a problem in the workplace
A recent report by the New York Post discussed how media giant The New York Times is facing allegations of discrimination. The newspaper company is accused of "age, gender and race" discrimination against a 51 year-old Asian-American woman who was fired in 2014.
The woman claims she suffered from gender discrimination by a male employee who would only respond to instructions provided by male superiors. She alleges that on many occasions she had to have "male executives relay directions the employee" in order for work to get done. She claims she asked for assistance on the matter from her superior and the human resources department, but that no action was taken to resolve the matter.
The New York Times denies these allegations.
Gender discrimination and the law
Laws are available at both the federal and state level to protect employees against discrimination based on gender.
A variety of protections are available at the federal level. For example, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits employment discrimination based on sex. Title VII specifically protects against sexual harassment and pregnancy based discrimination. The Equal Pay Act of 1963 (EPA) prohibits wage-based discrimination amongst men and women who "perform substantially equal work in the same establishment." These laws are enforced by the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) and are generally applicable to all "private employers, state and local governments and education institutes that employ 15 or more individuals."
Additional protections are present under Connecticut state law. State law defines gender discrimination as discriminatory practices based on pregnancy, child-bearing capacity, sterilization, fertility and other related medical conditions. State law also makes it illegal to discriminate based on sexual orientation. This law offers a broader level of protection, as it applies to employers that employ three or more individuals.
Gender discrimination and remedies
Remedies are available to victims of gender discrimination. This can include reinstatement to a lost or similar position, lost wages and other awards. It is important to note that gender discrimination claims can be complicated. The case noted above against The New York Times was denied by the EEOC. As a result, it is wise to seek the counsel of an experienced labor and employment law attorney. This legal professional will guide you through the process, working to better ensure you receive the full remedies you are entitled to.